Navarra is one of the communities with the lowest disability rate in Spain at 8%, highlighting the good health rates enjoyed by people at the Comunidad Foral. This is reflected by II Disability Report in NavarraPrepared by the Social Reality Observatory of the Department of Social Rights, it also shows that the gender gap among caregivers has decreased significantly, doubling the presence of men from 18.1% of male caregivers that year compared to 2008. to 37.9% in 2021.
These are the two main conclusions drawn from the report presented this morning by Mª Carmen Maeztu, Minister of Social Rights of the Government of Navarra, together with Luis Campos, director general of the Social Reality Observatory of Navarra. Víctor Iracburu, the aforementioned Observatory technician.
According to Minister Maeztu, the data presented “is positive and underlines the good health of the Navarran community, but also underlines the Government of Navarra’s commitment to increase the number of assistance and services for people with disabilities aimed at improving the quality of life of this group”.
In 2021, the number of disabled people increased by 2.8% compared to the previous year
According to the data collected in the report, at the end of 2021 there were a total of 35,765 people in Navarra with a disability equal to or greater than 33%, representing a 2.8% growth in the number of persons with disabilities. 991 more people with disabilities than in the previous year, or in other words, than in 2020.
When looked in detail, it is shown that 53.5% of the men are in the majority in total, 69.5% of the people are physically disabled, and 41.2% have a degree of disability between 33% and 44%. It should be noted that, just like in the 2020 report, the age group with the highest number of disabled people was 45-64, and in 2021, the 60-79 age group with 36.6% of the total. Finally, most of the disabled people live in Pamplona and Comarca (59.5%) and 25.9% of the disabled are considered to be dependent.
In addition to this data from the administrative registers of the Government of Navarra, the report also includes data from the Disability, Personal Autonomy and Dependency Survey (AGE) conducted by the National Institute of Statistics (INE). Survey not conducted since 2008 that updates state-level data on disability. This survey also addresses other types of issues such as household or care perception and caregiver profile.
One of the most notable aspects of the AGE is the comparison of disability rates brought about by different autonomies, with Navarra being one of the lowest-proportioned communities in Spain. Specifically, it is the second autonomous community with the lowest disability rate below the Balearic Islands, at 8% of the total population. It should be noted that the average rate in Spain is 9.7%.
On the other hand, in the disabled group, more than half of the population (51.4%) declared more than one disability, while this rate was 48.6%, only one and 2 out of 10 (19.7%) evaluated their health status as very weak or weak. .
Regarding the types of disability, AGE shows that the most common disability type is mobility problems (53.9%), followed by difficulties related to domestic life (44.1%). In this regard, more than a third (36.1%) of disabled households declared the presence of disabilities, and 3 out of 4 people receive some form of assistance in their daily life.
Another striking piece of information the AGE has gathered relates to caregivers, where the strong increase in male presence over the 12 years between 2008 and 2020, the year the previous AGE was conducted, stood out. , the male presence increased by almost 20 percent (from 18.1% to 37.9%). In other words, 4 out of 10 caregivers in 2020 were already men, reducing the historical gender gap in this area of care, although this remains a task carried out by the majority of women.
Likewise, the survey found that 36.5% of caregivers take care of their disabled son or daughter; 26.6% from their spouse or partner; 12.9% look after another family member, 11.2% look after their father or mother.
The valuations increased by 54.4% compared to 2015, thus shortening the waiting period.
In 2021, a total of 5,015 disability assessments were made. This means an increase of 14% (4,400) compared to the assessments made in 2020 and an exponential 54.4% increase compared to 2015, when a total of 3,248 assessments were made. outside. It should be noted that the average disability assessment, i.e. the time for disability recognition and accreditation, was also halved in 2021 to the minimum of the entire period between 2015 and 2021, with an average of 4.7 months. Waiting less than one month in 2020 and 2.3 months less than 2016, when the longest average time to undergo disability assessment was recorded.
On the other hand, benefits and services for people with disabilities in Navarra were strengthened and expanded, growing by 4.19% from 2020 (19,417) to 2021 (20,232) and 19.2% compared to 2015 (16,965).
One of the services that has grown the most over the years is Early Care Service, which doubled the number of 0 to 3 year old boys and girls cared for between 2015 (546) and 2021 (1,199). There is also a significant increase of 16.5% (170 people) compared to 2020. In the second place, the service that grew the most in the same period was Adapted and/or Assisted Transport with 73%, followed by the disability assessment service itself with 54.4% in the last years, and Assessment and Guidance Worker with a growth of 21.7% in recent years. .
Regarding benefits, the main help is for residential care for people with mental illness. It was the largest benefit since 2015, exceeding 50% of total benefits in five of the last seven years. In 2021, it accounted for 55.5% of the total. The second is residential care assistance for the disabled, which accounts for 33.3% of total benefits in 2021. It should be noted that both grants together accounted for 88.8% of the total for residential care and day care last year.
Social protection systems reduce poverty among people with disabilities
For the second year in a row, the report calculates poverty rates for people with disabilities and compares them with the rest of the population in Navarra and references 2020 data. Situations of relative and severe poverty among the disabled group compared to 2019, as a result of the effectiveness of social protection systems that have managed to reduce poverty.
Specifically, the percentage of people in relative poverty decreased in 2020 (18.4%) compared to 2019 (20.5%), and the same was true for the number of people in severe poverty: 6.7% in 2020 vs. 9% in 2019.
Similarly, a less burdensome situation is shown for this group compared to the non-disabled population; among them, in 2020 21.6% are in relative poverty and 11.7% are in severe poverty.
In the distribution by sex, female poverty rates are higher than male rates, and it is noteworthy that the gender gap for severe poverty has decreased. Specifically, women with disabilities were 1.3 percentage points more than men (6.1% vs. 7.4%) when claiming severe poverty and 4.3 points more (16.4% vs. 20.7%) in relative poverty. offers.
By age groups, on the other hand, poverty decreases as one goes to older ages. Therefore, the incidence of poverty among persons with disabilities is particularly important for young people: people under 16 have a relative poverty rate of 32.7% (compared to 29.7% for non-disabled people) and a severe poverty rate of 22.8% (18%, 4 compared to). In the 45-64 age group, there are 17.2% of people in relative poverty (17.6% among the general population) and 8.4% in severe poverty (9.3% without disabilities). .
Only 3 out of 10 disabled people are actively working
The main difficulty faced by the disabled population in employment is found in their situation regarding the inactivity of the workforce. According to the latest data, corresponding to 2020, only three out of 10 disabled people in Navarra were employed or received unemployment benefits. On the other hand, only 8.1% of the inactive population is due to having a permanently recognized disability.
The report shows how the percentage of the population with active disability has fallen below 40% in recent years. In fact, the rate in 2020 was the lowest percentage in recent years, a figure that was a direct result of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on employment.
Unemployment rate is also high in the disabled group: 23.3%, it drops to 9.7% in the non-disabled population. However, this rate is lower than the previous year, when 27% of disabled people were unemployed.
It should be noted that according to the analysis of unemployment and disability data, many disabled unemployed are not registered with the Public Employment Agency. Specifically, three out of ten unemployed choose not to declare their disability, which may be due to the perception that their statement may negatively affect their chances of finding a job.
However, Minister Maeztu stressed that “good progress has been made in the development of the Disability Plan, an ambitious industry-agreed plan” and valued the approval of the “Foral Law on the Attention and Guarantee of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities”. great milestones of this legislature”. “After a very comprehensive social inclusion process, it will become the first comprehensive law in Navarra and a pioneering law in Spain as a whole, strengthening the rights of thousands of people with disabilities and their families,” he said.
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